Historic agreement between the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and National Park Service allows sustainable plant harvesting.
Amphibians and reptiles tend to be most active during the spring and summer, when it’s warmer. A recent study compared how they respond to prescribed fires conducted during the growing season – when vegetation is actively growing – versus those in dormant season months.
Wildland fire smoke includes particles from not only burning trees and grasses but also chemicals from buildings mixed with gases.
Research can help forest managers select a combination of treatments that would conserve the most hemlocks at the least possible cost.